This chapter deals with how to govern as a sage leader.
Laozi's model of governing is drastically at odds with most modern forms of government. In the United States, society is centered on obtaining wealth and achieving notoriety. And look at the result--a nation in chaos. People care more about their social media fame or becoming rich than living simply and in connection with their community. And who benefits from this upside-down version of Laozi's model? The wealthy and those in power. By keeping everyone stuck on an economic treadmill, those at the top sit upon piles of wealth far greater than anyone in Laozi's time could even imagine.
Laozi could see even in his time, that keeping society simple was also the route to maintaining harmony and satisfaction. Our society sickens people, keeps them unhappy because of tiresome work so that they may buy material goods to substitute for meaning. People are isolated and the country is on the brink of hating each other to the point that often the thought of civil war arises. Clearly, the neoliberal form of governing is a complete failure and will yet persist in it's model until there is total collapse.